How discoloration occurs
Many underlying conditions are responsible for these skin changes. The most recognized cause is sun damage, either by itself or as an added insult on top of other factors .Numerous medications, especially hormones, have been implicated in skin discoloration disorders. These drugs can sensitize the skin to the sun or may produce pigmentation all on their own. Enhancement of MSH (Melanocyte Stimulating Hormone) by some medicines like birth control pills or even pregnancy can be another cause. Finally, hormonal therapy by itself can have a direct impact on skin coloration. In these situations, the medication either stimulates more melanin to be produced, or suppresses the process that decreases melanin production. The result is increased discoloration regardless of the skin type or color. When this occurs in patients that already have some natural increased color or freckles, the risk of skin discoloration increases that much more. Freckles ( and some skin spots) are genetically programmed into the skin and many times are not even visible to the eye until some process makes them darken. Any of these causative factors can be dramatically intensified with even mild sun exposure. Regardless of how it occurs, the end result is an increase in melanin granules leading to dark pigment, blotchiness, spots, discoloration, darker moles, and irregular coloration.
In general pigmentation is known as sundamage,agespots,lever spots,melasma,brown spots.There are few methods to clear the pigmentation gentle exfoliation,increase the cell turnover,regular use of melanogenesis inhibitors .There are specific treatments and product options are available. please call for consultation....Starting at $125/ 45 minutes
What causes age spots?
Age spots increase with age and with increased sun exposure. They are more common in people who freckle and who burn easily. It is important to know that if you've had enough sun to develop age spots, you have a higher risk of developing skin cancer.
What do age spots look like?
Age spots are flat and vary in size from a small pea to a dime. They usually are somewhat round and have irregular borders. They are found on chronically sun-exposed areas such as the shoulders, upper back, face, forearms, and the back of hands.
What treatment options are available for age, sun or liver spots?
The best treatment for age spots is prevention. The key to preventing age spots is sun avoidance and daily sunscreen use. For example, you won't find age spots on your inner thigh because of minimal or no sun exposure. However, for most of us, it is too late for prevention, and there are a number of treatment options available.